Blood Transfusions in Cats
30 April 2018 – News
Performing blood transfusions between cats can save lives but we should always keep in mind that this procedure carries risks, not only for the cat receiving the transfusion but also for the donor cat. The donor is being subjected to an invasive procedure that involves sedation and the recipient can suffer from immune-mediated adverse reactions.
Infectious diseases can also be an issue if by any chance there is contamination of the blood at any step of the procedure (collection, storage or transfusion). These guidelines describe the best practices to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases when carrying out blood transfusions in cats.
If obtaining feline blood from a blood bank is not an option, suitable donors can be selected in advance to help a patient that needs a transfusion. It is recommended for donor cats to be tested for feline leukemia virus (FeLV), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), Bartonella spp and feline hemoplasma, as well as for other agents that may be locally relevant.
The felines considered to be ideal donors are adult cats (less than 3 years old) that have never travelled and have been living in the same house, with no other cats, since they were kittens. These cats must not have been infected by any vector-transmitted pathogens and must have their vaccinations and flea/worm treatments up-to-date.
In Pennisi, Maria Grazia & Hartmann, Katrin & D Addie, Diane & Lutz, Hans & Gruffydd-Jones, Tim & Boucraut, Corine & Egberink, H.F. & Frymus, Tadeusz & C Horzinek, Marian & Hosie, Margaret & Lloret,