Cutaneous Manifestations of Allergies in Cats

6 March 2018 – News

The manifestation of feline dermatological abnormalities can be different from what is seen in dogs, especially when considering non-flea, non-food hypersensitivity dermatitis or feline atopic dermatitis.

The clinical signs in cats include pruritus and lesions that can correspond to one or more of the four common cutaneous reaction patterns indicative of pruritus and inflammation: head/neck/pinnal pruritus with excoriations, self-induced alopecia, miliary dermatitis, and/or eosinophilic lesions (including eosinophilic plaques, eosinophilic granulomas, and indolent ulcers).

Non-cutaneous clinical signs may also be present such as allergic otitis, sinusitis, conjunctivitis and potentially feline asthma. Feline atopic dermatitis is a diagnosis of exclusion so it is key to rule out parasites, infections, and other allergic diseases.

Unfortunately, feline atopic dermatitis has no cure and successful outcomes are achieved by decreasing the severity and frequency of pruritic flares, while treating other cutaneous and non-cutaneous complications.

In Diesel, A. (2017). Cutaneous Hypersensitivity Dermatoses in the Feline Patient: A Review of Allergic Skin Disease in Cats. Veterinary Sciences, 4(2), 25.